Frequently Asked Question
|Q1: What is the wire and cable capability of your factory?|
|Q2: Do you accept the OEM project service?|
|Yes, we do.|
|Q3: What international standard do your products meet?|
|Our wire and cable are optimized to meet and/or exceed your technical specifications while meeting international standards like IEC 60840, IEC 60287, IEC 62067, ICEA S-108-720 and AEIC CS9.|
|Q4: What is the SSG factory-scale?|
|The top one wire and cable manufacturer in China with Annually avenue of 10billions US$.|
|Q5: What is the lead time?|
|Q6: What markets do we serve?|
Everything You Need to Know About ACSS Conductors
- 0 What is the ACSS conductor?
- 2.0 What is the history behind ACSS?
- 3.0 Key Advantages of ACSS conductor
- 4.0 General Characteristics
- 4.1 How does ACSS look like?
- 4.2 Construction, Specifications and Features of ACSS conductor
- 4.3 What is the temperature rating of ACSS?
- 4.4 How high can the operating temperature of ACSS practically goes?
- 4.5 What are the best applications ACSS conductor?
- 5.0 Conductor Handling
- 5.1 Reel Handling and Storage
- 5.2 Reel Payoff
- 5.3 Bullwheel
- 6.0 FAQs
- 6.1 How is ACSS different from ACSR?
- 6.2 Is ACSS self-damping and what does this mean?
- 6.3 What is the difference between the installation of ACSS and ACSR?
- 6.4 What should be the minimum bending radius for the ACSS conductor?
- 6.5 Can ACSS hardware be used with ACSR conductors?
- 6.6 Is there a difference in the grip rating when used on ACSS verses ACSR?
- 7.0 ACSS conductor at SSG
1.0 What are ACSS conductors?
When it comes to buying conductors, one must understand before buying. The abbreviations ACSS stands for Aluminum Conductor Steel Supported. ACSS is a concentric – lay stranded composite conductor. It is purely a product of galvanized strands and one or more layers of annealed 1350-0 aluminum.
The Aluminum Conductor Steel Supported is a new version of Aluminum Conductor Steel Reinforced. It has a high capacity, high strength and is suitable for use in situations where emergency load, top power lines, and high current capacity are an absolute need.
When we install the conductor, the mechanical load comes from the steel core. That is because the aluminum is annealed, and this reduces the composite conductor strength. How do manufacturers protect the steel core wires from corrosion? The steel core wires have a covering of wire-like galvanizing mischmetal alloy coating or aluminum-clad that is carefully selected depending on the environment and temperatures that the conductor comes across.
What is a plus about the ACSS and makes most manufacturers choose to use it is because it is applicable in high-temperature environments with no worries of losing mechanical properties. That gives them an advantage over other types of conductors.
2.0 What is the history behind ACSS
When did the conductor come to be and who originated it? The history of the conductor dates back in 1972.
It originated from a global cable company, Reynold Metals, which is, quite logic because they specialize in metals. The conductor was not originally ACSS but SSAC meaning Steel Supported Aluminum conductor. So, what brought in the change of name? The Steel Supported Aluminum Conductor changed to what it is right now Aluminum Conductor Steel Supported when the ASTM B856 and ASTM B857 came to be in 1995.
Currently, the conductor has found its way in our day-to-day lives. It becomes the first choice when it comes to re-conducting applications, upgrading, increasing rate as well as constructing new lines. The technology of making the conductors also brought the current ACSS/TW to address the issues of the diameter of the conductors.
That is because the ACSS/TW meets the aluminum cross-section area of the round conductor. It also allows an overall reduction of diameter by 10%. What does that mean? It means that we can now make ACSS/TW with an existing standard diameter and in cooperation with 20-25%more aluminum cross-section area.
ACSS and ACSS/TW conductors are economical to use. That explains why, in the US, they are the most common in use. Not only do the conductors allow usual day-to-day ampacity load but also enable emergency rating in cases where we need high capacity power.
3.0 Key Advantages of ACSS Conductors
What is the benefit of using the conductors over others in the market? Why is it essential for any manufacturer to consider switching to making the conductor, and why is it gaining popularity? The following are the main advantages of the ACSS conductors:
Reduces power loss:
The conductors are used in power lines when they are put to use, they reduce the amount of actual power lost during transmission along the line. What does that lead to in the end? It leads to long transmission lines and fewer infrastructures used to help save power loss.
Transmit more power:
Talk of convenience. The conductors are ideal since they transfer more energy from the source to the destined user. That means that if we use them for commercial purposes, they generate more revenue due to increased production. A good example is the solutions provided to HPSEB.
They are conducive for use in all weather conditions:
Most conductors are affected by weather changes, especially ice loading. When it comes to ACSS, they are not affected by icy conditions. Good evidence is ACSS transmission lines manufactured by GCC near the American- Canadian border. They have been functioning for over 30 years despite the -30°C temperature conditioning the area.
The ACSS conductors are reliable:
For over 40 years, the ACSS conductors are in use during emergencies such as blackouts. That is because they can withstand temperatures as high as 250°c. Hence, they can carry high voltage during emergencies.
The ACSS conductors are economical:
When we compare the price of the conductor to the savings it brings, it can be termed as the most economical HTLS conductor available. It is possible to recover the cost of purchasing the conductor within a short period of using it.
Like mentioned earlier, the aluminum used in the conductor is annealed. That means that the conductivity of the aluminum is 63% of CU, enabling the reduction of operational cost. In every production, the reduction of production costs is always an advantage to the manufacturer. That is why the conductors are quite useful.
Customers get what they want:
It always makes customers happy to know that they can get custom designed ACSS conductors from GCI. That makes it convenient for every customer since they can still get a conductor as per what they want and made according to ASTM standards.
Increase rate ampacity:
As you shall see in the use of the ACSS conductors, they can be used in increasing the rating ampacity of an existing ACSR by being in cooperated with it. That helps in ground clearance as mentioned as per IE-1956 rule 77.
4.0 General Characteristics
What are the distinctive features that make them different from other conductors? What makes the conductor stand out and make people for it? The following are unique features that make the ACSS conductors better and more efficient to use:
It can handle high temperatures: Unlike the ACSR, which can handle temperatures of less than 100°C, the ACSS can control the temperature as high as 250°C. That means that the conductors come in handy in case of an emergency load.
ACSS conductors have higher ampacity: When using other conductors, there might be a need for bundling to make it function more effectively. Still, when it comes to the ACSS conductors, they eliminate the need for shoving. Besides, they also allow the use of smaller conductors.
Self-damping characteristics: Unlike other conductors where you keep on checking how they are working, in the ACSS, you don’t have to. The self- damping characteristic allows the conductors to withstand any vibrations on wire lines due to strong winds and other harsh weather conditions.
Lower sag: Conductors are in a way that they don’t sag when in use. That means that they can carry high ampacity without the worry of sagging or any other damage.
Cost friendly, especially in new constructions: When it comes to manufacturing, the only way to make sure those structures last longer is by the use of ACSS conductors. For the fact that they are long-lasting, make sure your structure gets a constant power supply for a more extended period without interruption.
4.1 How does ACSS look like in general?
How do you differentiate the conductor from others? How does the ACSS conductor look like in general? By the look on the outside, the ACSS and ACSS/TW conductors are similar to the traditional ACSR. They are made of steel and aluminum strands. It is somewhat hard to notice the difference by just looking at the physical appearance. So, what is the difference between ACSS and ACSR conductors?
The main difference between the two is the making of the aluminum in them. For ACSR, the aluminum in it is hand-drawn, and the ACSS uses soft aluminum which is annealed or ‘O’ temper. When it comes to the ACSS/TW, the aluminum strands are trapezoidal as the name suggests.
4.2 Construction, Specifications, and Features of ACSS conductors
The only way to understand and know the ACSS conductors is by looking at the construction, specific details, and features. So, how are the conductors made?
As the definition suggests, the conductor is a non-standardized concentric lay stranded conductor that is made of round 1350-0 wires and coated steel wire or wires as they differ in number. What covers the steel wire, and why is it necessary to do so? The steel wire has a covering of class A coating of zinc -5% aluminum mischmetal alloys.
Together with other classes of coating, they protect the steel wire from corrosion. It also prevents other external damages that may come into contact with the conductor. The steel that makes the ACSS conductor is available in standard, high, extra, and ultra-high strengths as per customer’s’ specifications and preferences.
How is the manufacturing process of ACSS conductors? What are the conditions and requirements of the conductors? According to manufacturers who specialize in making the conductors, the manufacturing of ACSS conductors proceeds according to the ASTM specifications B856.
Due to the advantages that the ACSS conductors have over the ACSR, it is evident that customers prefer the use of ACSS. So, what are the specific features that are distinctive in the ACSS conductors that make it the best for use? The following are particular features of ACSS conductors:
Improved conductivity: When you compare the conductivity in ACSS and ACSR, the ACSS has a minimum average conductivity of 63% IACS for 1350-0 aluminum wires while the ACSR has an average conductivity of 61.2% for 1350-H19 aluminum wires.
High current carrying capacity: The main advantage of ACSS conductors is that we can operate them under temperatures of up to 250°C unlike the counterparts, which can only handle temperatures not exceeding 100°C.
Excellent immunity to vibration fatigue: ACSS is the best when it comes to handling the effects of Aeolian vibration, and the reason for this is zero mechanical loads on the aluminum wires.
Durable: The ACSS conductors have been used for many years. The manufacturers guarantee durability when it comes to the conductor sine there are no chances of long-term creep of the conductors. That reduces the overall cost of maintaining the conductors.
4.3 What is the temperature rating of ACSS?
It is hard to talk of ACSS conductors without talking about temperatures. That is because it is one of the parameters that make the conductors convenient to use. Initially, the temperature limit has been 200°C, one that has been in existence for more than 30 years. The temperature limit was arrived at by steel manufacturers based on a 245°C temperature limit for galvanized coating of steel used in the making of ACSS conductors.
What makes the conductors endure high temperatures? As mentioned above, it is the steel in the conductor. It has a coating of a first type of galvanizing that provides high-temperature endurance performance. The galvanizing coating can be a zinc/aluminum alloy or aluminum-clad steel.
4.4 How high can the operating temperature of ACSS practically goes?
That is a question that most customers ask. It is true, they are excited about the fact that the conductor can withstand temperatures as high as 250° C.
but how high can the temperatures go? Before you test the limit, what we should ask is whether it is advisable to operate an electricals system at that high temperature.
According to studies, we can determine the operating temperatures of the conductor by the amount of electrical current passing through the conductor and the environmental conditions. It is also true that electrical currents cause the following:
|Power losses: Usually, the design of lines minimize power losses and keep temperatures below the 200°C operating limit. Still, when the current is high, the conductor becomes hot and leads to power loss.|
|Line sagging: High electrical currents make conductors hot. When conductors are hot, they tend to sag the lines hence longer. Thus, it may require stronger lines when constructing.|
|Damage Control: Overheating due to high electrical charges causes damage, and weak links, which in turn lead to mechanical and electrical failure to the conductor’s joints called splices, end fittings dead ends, and insulators in the conductors.|
According to the above information, it is clear that too high operating temperatures can cause more damage than good to the conductors and other accessories of the conductors, it, therefore, remains un advisable nor to push temperatures above 250°C.
4.5 What are the best applications ACSS conductor
Manufacturers make the Aluminum Conductor Supported Steel for use in various purposes. Due to their favorable features and characteristics, customers use in the construction of different electrical systems for ease of functioning. The following are the best applications of the ACSS conductors:
Construction of overhead transmission lines: Compared to ACSR, the construction of ACSS cables is quite different in a way that allows continuous operation of high temperatures of up to 250°C without damage. The characteristic comes in handy when transmitting high electrical currents since there is no worry of damage. The fact that ACSS is self-damping and sags less, and in case it does, it does not affect the long term creep of aluminium makes it most appropriate to use when constructing power lines.
Re-conducting: At times, there may be the use of other lines that may affect by Aeolian vibration. The lines can be re-conducted using ACSS to allow high current using the existing clearance and tension.
5.0 Conductor handling
It is quite essential to take care when handling the ACSS conductors to avoid any damage on the conductors’ surface. So, how should the conductors be treated? The following are handling tips that every person handling the conductor should note:
|Don’t drag ACSS conductors on any surfaces that damage the conductor.|
|If the conductor must come into contact with a ground, it is essential to lay a smooth, rigid material before placing it on the ground to avoid any damage.|
|In case an ACSS conductor gets minor abrasions, there should be no worries as sanding or buffing can solve most issues.|
Mostly, the conductors are in rolls or reels. When it comes to processing and stocking of the coil, standard guideline applies equally in all conductors. We must take particular extra precautions when it comes to ACSS conductors because they tend to be more sensitive than others are. With that in mind, every handler should make sure that that they lift the reel with a forklift or crane.
- Using a forklift- Handlers using a crane should make sure that the forks are placed under both flanges with flanges facing the operator.
- Using a crane- if a handler chooses to use a spreader bar, he or she should use together with either a ‘J’ hook or axle to prevent damage. Place ‘J’ hooks on the arbor holes. After that, insert the shaft should through the arbor holes and lift with straps.
5.2 Reel Payoff
How should conductor reels be set on a reel payoff? To effectively place an ACSS conductor on a payoff, we must station the payoff 40-50 feet behind and in line with the bull heel tensioner. That is to avoid any scrubbing of the conductor when it unwound. It is good to align the payoff and bull wheel to avoid surfing the conductor against the adjacent conductor turns or against the reel flanges.
5.3 Bull wheel
When it comes to using a bull wheel, only dual drum multi-groove bull heels are most useful for ACSS. The bull wheel is tilted to be appropriately 1 ½ the groove spacing. It means that we must seize the bull heels appropriately and align them properly to prevent scuffing and avoid damaging the conductor.
6.1 How are ACSS and ACSS Different?
The ACSS and ACSR conductors are similar, and the only difference in them is the support they depend on entirely. In the ACSR, the conductor depends on both steel and aluminum components for support while the ACSS conductor depends on the steel core.
Another foremost distinction between the two is the operating temperature. ACSS conductors have an operating temperature of 200°C-250°C. ACSR has a constant operating temperature rating of around 75°C because it depends on aluminum for strength and operation above the annealing point of aluminum, which is 94°C result in loss of power.
6.2 What does self- damping mean in ACSS?
Yes, the ACSS conductor is self- damping. Self-damping is the physical interaction of the aluminum and steel core that allows the conductor to dampen any vibrations and conditions that can damage the power supply.
6.3 What is the main difference between the installation of both ACSS and ACSR?
When it comes to ACSS and ACSR conductors, installation is the same. It is, nevertheless, good to note that if ACSS conductors are not correctly installed, they can cause more considerable damage than the ACSR conductors do. It is, therefore, necessary to have the right information on how to install and handle to conductors. To be on the safer and most convenient side, use a professional when installing to avoid any mistakes.
6.4 What is the least bending radius of ACSS conductors?
Before permanent deformation occurs, the minimum bending radius for both the ACSS and ACSR is 12 times the overall conductor diameter.
6.5 Can You Use ACSS hardware with ACSR conductors?
Yes, you can. You can use ACSR conductors in ACSS hardware. However, the opposite is not possible. What does that mean? It means that ACSR hardware cannot use ACSS conductor and here is why. The ACSS conductors have a high operating temperature that an ACSR hardware cannot withstand in fact, most manufacturers who use both conductors give a clear guideline to prevent confusion.
6.6 Is there a variation in the grip rating when used on ACSS Verses ACSR?
Grip entirely depends on the annealed aluminum on the ACSS and the hardened aluminum on the ACSR. Different manufacturers have different grip rating. Most of them publish their grip depending on ACSR conductors and derate for use in ACSS conductors, but a derating of 30% is not so common.
7.0 ACSS conductors at SSG
With a lot of specifications and details available in ACSS conductors, it is advisable and wise to get from the best and reputable dealers. SSG is an approved dealer and a known manufacturer of wire and cable products. We specialize in manufacturing bare and insulated copper and aluminum wires. We also manufacture AAAC, ACSR, ACC, ACSS, and medium voltage cables.
Why are our products the best? Our team of experts uses the best raw materials. They give professional input to come up with products that are efficient, cost-effective, and applicable in the day-to-day constructions. We believe in and aim for customer satisfaction, and that is why our products are the best to use.
People all over the globe trust us because we deliver high-quality cables and wires. Our products are safe to handle, easy to maintain and durable. We custom make every product depending on what the customer wants. Contact us and let us know what you want and we will be glad to deliver!